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Automatic Extraction of Concepts from Texts and Applications
Phd Post-Graduation
Abstract:

The extraction of relevant terms from texts is an extensively researched task in Text-Mining. Relevant terms have been applied in areas such as Information Retrieval or document clustering and classification. However, relevance has a rather fuzzy nature since the classification of some terms as relevant or not relevant is not consensual. For instance, while words such as "president" and "republic" are generally considered relevant by human evaluators, and words like "the" and "or" are not, terms such as "read" and "finish" gather no consensus about their semantic and informativeness. Concepts, on the other hand, have a less fuzzy nature. Therefore, instead of deciding on the relevance of a term during the extraction phase, as most extractors do, I propose to first extract, from texts, what I have called generic concepts (all concepts) and postpone the decision about relevance for downstream applications, accordingly to their needs. For instance, a keyword extractor may assume that the most relevant keywords are the most frequent concepts on the documents. Moreover, most statistical extractors are incapable of extracting single-word and multi-word expressions using the same methodology. These factors led to the development of the ConceptExtractor, a statistical and language-independent methodology which is explained in Part I of this thesis. In Part II, I will show that the automatic extraction of concepts has great applicability. For instance, for the extraction of keywords from documents, using the Tf-Idf metric only on concepts yields better results than using Tf-Idf without concepts, specially for multi-words. In addition, since concepts can be semantically related to other concepts, this allows us to build implicit document descriptors. These applications led to published work. Finally, I will present some work that, although not published yet, is briefly discussed in this document. Keywords: Concepts, extractor, application of concepts, keywords, semantic relations.


Start Date: 2009-10-01

End Date: 2014-12-04




Post-Graduation Student / Researcher / Professor:

Post-Graduation Supervisor(s):

Post-Graduation Jury:
  • Gabriel Pereira Lopes
  • Joaquim Ferreira da Silva
  • Nuno João Neves Mamede ( Instituto Superior Técnico )
  • Paulo Quaresma ( Universidade de Évora )
  • Pavel Brazdil ( LIACC - Laboratório de Inteligência Artificial e Ciência de Computadores )
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